evolving “alien” life on earth

Aslife_Fig1_growth_SEMTEM_Tree_revised

Arsenic-eating microbes–unlike any other lifeforms on earth–show that Life is even more tenacious and inventive than we thought.  When scientists starved the GFAJ-1 microbe of phosphorus, introducing the chemically-similar arsenic, the microbe adapted itself, incorporating arsenate into its cellular structure–including its DNA.

Felisa Wolfe-Simon and fellow researchers began working on the GFAJ-1 microbe (of the Halomonadaceae family) because it thrived in the toxically-salty Mono Lake, in California.  All life on earth uses the same six elements–including phosphorus.  So ~read more~

Shree Ganeshaaya Namaha

Salutations to you, O Ganesha!  

I prostrate myself before you, O Ganeshvara,Your icon is a hallowed charm
That assures fulfillment of all desire.
With the fanning of your broad ears,
You scatter away all obstacles,
As though they were weightless as cotton.

The above invocation was written by the Chalukya king Someshvara Malla, according to Royina Grewal’s book.  I do not expect *every* obstacle to be removed, but I am very grateful for any assistance in making this a useful blog.  May ~read more~

so may we categorize: